The IT sector is fully driven by the employee’s market: software developers are a hot ticket right now, and the e-mail boxes of cybersecurity specialists are packed with high-paying job offers… Is it really so? Let’s have a closer look at what the Polish IT sector looks like when set against the global trends, where it is heading, and how these changes will influence the situation of employees.

A sky full of clouds

Cloud computing is the virtual space in which one can place any data and have worldwide access to them. This solution is a lot cheaper and more convenient than building and maintaining a private server room. Transferring data to a cloud, which seems to be gaining more and more popularity, ensures easy and fast access to the data stored. Having said that, it also carries some risk, since sensitive information is kept by third persons. Awareness of the possible dangers is rising, and companies are beginning to realise the need to tighten their security systems – especially in light of the forthcoming EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), effective 28 May 2018, as well as the several cyber attacks that have reverberated over the last years. Hence, they spend more and more on improving security. This, in turn, means that cybersecurity experts and computer systems security engineers can count on a pay rise. You can learn more from our salary factsheets in different IT specialisations.

For some time now, Poland has been witnessing a new trend: the launching of Security Operations Centres (SOC), i.e. IT security centres. Their main task is to identify and warn against dangers originating from the net, e.g. attempts of getting unauthorised access to the in-company IT environment, and the analysis and handling of such incidents. In our country, global SOCs keep popping up, which undoubtedly is the consequence of the recognition that Polish IT security specialists enjoy around the world, as well as Poland’s well-established position as a strong player in the IT services outsourcing market.

However, it is not just the cybersecurity sector that is the current object of wide interest. Although for an average user, cloud computing rests on copying files from a computer disc to a cloud, in fact, there has to be someone who will design and implement the whole service from beginning to end. These people are Cloud Engineers and Architects, who are sure to be many people’s “wish list” for a long time to come, mainly in the financial sector, insurance, and telecom. According to Cisco, in 2018, SaaS (Software as a Service), one of the popular cloud computing models, will make up 60% of global cloud activities.

Business applications for all

Thanks to common availability of modern technology and increasingly lower costs, even the sector of small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) can afford to buy dedicated business applications. They will be more and more often based on artificial intelligence, which is an inseparable part of a global trend. Hence, software developers and designers, application analysts and testers, as well as project managers will strengthen their position in the nearest future.

A router that talks to a printer

Along with the development of the Internet of Things (IoT), cybercriminals will target this particular, least protected, element of IT infrastructure. This means that companies need to secure not just their individual devices, which would in practice be impossible anyway, but rather the entire IT ecosystem of an enterprise, and manage the use of the individual devices that make up the company’s network. The ones to benefit from all this will be the IT authorisation, and risk and compliance specialists, and their services will be priceless, chiefly because, as Business Insider predicts, by 2021 spending on IoT solutions in business will have reached $6bn.

Blockchain – not just cryptocurrencies

Along with the growing popularity of blockchain technology, which cybersecurity experts regard as impossible to decrypt, its role will be growing as a tool that helps to create business applications, primarily in the financial sector and public administration. In the couple of years to come, blockchain developers will enjoy a growing popularity among representatives of the world of finance and business.

Mobility at the top

As predicted, in the next few years, demand for creators of mobile applications – mostly for iOS-run devices – and websites will be growing. Today, mobile www sites are more important than the traditional ones, displayed on computer screens. A similarly comfortable situation will be part of the everyday life of the software developers that handle JavaScript, HTML and CSS – the languages that lie at the basis of the increasingly more popular Single-Page Application solution, i.e. Internet sites that do not have subsites, which allows them to run faster.

Learn languages…

…of programming. The unquestioned leader when it comes to the scale of use is Java, which has approx. nine million users worldwide. The popularity of this language is clearly reflected in job offers for software developers who have mastered it. The silver medal in the popularity ranking goes to JavaScript, and the one ranked third is Python – which opens up the opportunity for programmers to create applications for Android, the most frequently chosen mobile operation system in the world. Specialists in these programming languages will surely be a hot ticket in the years to come, and for sure the ones with excellent prospects for a good wage.

Wanted!

The market is witnessing a high demand for best software developers. In particular, specialists who can easily handle a few programming languages will have their pick of the huge number of job offers. Against the backdrop of the growing popularity of big data and the Internet of Things, the outlooks for specialists in data science and big data architecture are also positive, especially when we consider the need to handle unstructured data in every company. According to Gartner, a business enterprise, such unorderly information makes up about 80% of all the data kept in business enterprises.  

The popularity of big data has also a major impact on the educational system in our country. Institutions such as Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw School of Economics, or Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań already offer programmes aimed at the training of future data science specialists. Interestingly, the labour market is witnessing another intriguing trend: many specialists, e.g. business and financial analysts, and even software developers are retraining to gain new knowledge and skills in data engineering and big data, planning a future in this area of IT.

Maintaining and ensuring information security will be a top priority for many companies. Anyone planning to join the IT sector for longer should bear in mind that it is indeed true that as far as programmers are concerned, what usually counts is experience and skills (rather than a diploma); yet, employers often require a university degree from candidates with aspirations for IT administrator, or IT consultant. Anyway, it is worth noting that today, the idea of “a typical IT guy” is getting more and more blurred, as specialisations more and more often overlap, and big data analysts work at the interface of IT, business, and sales.

In the upcoming years, the growth of new technologies will improve the situation of designers of augmented and virtual reality. This means that the so much desired by the market UI/UX specialists and creators of applications should not be concerned, as they still are and will long be needed. It seems, though, that the ones who have the most favourable standing are web developers. Indeed, as long as no-one comes up with something better than a website, they will always be able to find a job.

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